Torino di Sangro Provincia di Chieti Abruzzo Italy
Cemetery notes and/or description: The Sangro River War Cemetery lies in the Contrada Sentinelle in the Commune of Torino di Sangro, Province of Chieti.
Directions: Take the Autostrada A14 from Taranto (to the south) or Ancona (to the north) and exit at Val di Sangro. After approximately 2.5 kilometres from the exit turn right onto the SS16, Pescara to Vasto road, for nearly 2 kilometres. There is then a sharp right turn up to cemetery.
Historical Information: On 3 September 1943 the Allies invaded the Italian mainland, the invasion coinciding with an armistice made with the Italians who then re-entered the war on the Allied side. Allied objectives were to draw German troops from the Russian front and more particularly from France, where an offensive was planned for the following year. Progress through southern Italy was rapid despite stiff resistance, but by the end of October, the Allies were facing the German winter defensive position known as the Gustav Line, which stretched from the river Garigliano in the west to the Sangro in the east. By 4 November, the Allied force that had fought its way up the Adriatic coast was preparing to attack the Sangro River positions. A bridgehead had been established by the 24th and by nightfall on the 30th, the whole ridge overlooking the river was in Allied hands.
The Sangro River War Cemetery contains 2617 Commonwealth burials of the Second World War. The site of this cemetery was selected by the 5th Corps and into it were brought the graves of men who had died in the fierce fighting on the Adriatic sector of the front in November-December 1943, and during the static period that followed. In addition, the cemetery contains the graves of a number of escaped prisoners of war who died while trying to reach the Allied lines. Within the cemetery will be found the Sangro River Cremation Memorial, which commemorates more than 500 servicemen of the Indian Army whose remains were cremated in accordance with their faith. It is one of three memorials erected in Italy to officers and men of the Indian armed forces; the other two cremation memorials are in Forli Indian Army War Cemetery and Rimini Gurkha War Cemetery.